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Wars in the Middle East have turned the world order upside down, but there are signs that all is not lost.

Wars in the Middle East have turned the world
PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

Wars in the Middle East have turned the world: Adam Bolton discusses how Israel’s conflict with Hamas proves in retrospect that the New World Order was a temporary illusion until competing forces and value systems came into play. However, it is still worth fighting for.

Adam Bolton
Sky News commentator @adamboutonTABB.

In 1989, many of us thought it was over, except for the screams.

The Cold War is over. The Berlin Wall fell

That summer, the American political scientist Francis Fukuyama published his famous work, “The End of History?” Hypothesis: “We may be witnessing not only the end of the Cold War or the end of a certain period of post-war history, but also the end of history itself: the end of humanity” Development of ideologies and the spread of the West. liberal democracy as the primary form of human government change.”

Hamas’s attack on Israel on October 7th brought retrospective possibilities to the fore, and the “unipolar moment” of the New World Order, in which the United States dominated world politics and economics without rival, seemed to be just a moment away. moment of illusion Before competitive forces and value systems come into play.

President Biden acknowledged this last week at a campaign fundraiser in Washington, DC: “We’re in a 50-year post-war period where it’s worked really well, but now it’s running out.” In a sense, it calls for a new world order, just like the previous one. “
Another conservative historian, Niall Ferguson, who works at Stanford University (the academic powerhouse in California where Fukuyama is now based), offered his colleagues a very different and frightening analysis.

He wrote in The Times last week: “I have been warning since January that war in the Middle East could be the next crisis in a series of conflicts that could escalate into World War Three.” If a global conflict breaks out again, the most pressing question is, will “we” win?

Another equally important question that many other countries outside of the “Western Liberal Democracies” are asking is whether the system we have in place is worth preserving.

Global conflict can be triggered by three main challenges

Ferguson believes that global conflict can arise from three challenges to settlements that were created after World War II and then intensified by the collapse of the Soviet Union and so-called liberal intervention.

First, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine is an imperialist denial of the rights of independent nation-states, especially those seeking to join Western democratic institutions such as NATO and the EU.
Second, Hamas and its sponsor Iran do not accept the right to exist of the Jewish state of Israel, which was created after the Holocaust.

They won’t even name it, but refer to the “Zionist nature” or “profession”. Israel’s allies are divided, calling on Israel to show restraint in exercising its “right to self-defense.”

Those demanding for a “ceasefire” rarely mention that Israel is still under fire from Gaza and, to a lesser extent, now from Lebanon’s Hezbollah. Meanwhile, the United Nations, which is meant to be a global forum for resolving disputes, is in more disarray than usual.

Wars in the Middle East have turned the world
Debris lines the streets in Gaza PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

Israel has called on Secretary-General António Guterres to resign, linking his unequivocal condemnation of Hamas attacks to “attacks do not happen in a vacuum” and “56 years of persecution of the Palestinians”. “Stranglehold Occupation” (referring to the 1967 Six Day War, when Israel occupied neighboring territories after an Arab League attack). A possible Chinese invasion of Taiwan could become a third front in Ferguson’s global conflict.

President Xi Jinping has announced his intention to resolve China‘s territorial claims within a generation.

Russia, China and Iran are exploiting the fault lines of the old world order.

Russia and China are recognized nuclear-weapon states, while Iran, Israel and North Korea – China’s client states – all have nuclear weapons capabilities, although they are subject to international restrictions.

Russia, China and Iran have not yet formed an axis against the West, but they are cooperating on an ad hoc basis to exploit the fault lines of the old world order. Iran and Russia supply China with natural gas and oil, while Iran supplies Russia with drones for use in the war in Ukraine.

There are also indications that Russia is transferring missiles seized in Ukraine to Iran, which is then arming Hezbollah. Russia supports the Iranian-backed Assad regime in Syria, providing naval bases in the Mediterranean in the process.

New political alliances are being formed to challenge the dominance of the old order, such as the G-7 club of rich, industrialized democracies and the United Nations Security Council, where Britain, the United States, France, Russia and China have permanent seats. . Both countries want to expand the BRICS group, ironically made up of the initials of the new economic powers first coined by a British banker, to include Brazil and India, but Lord O’Neill insists the “S” or troubled South is not . Africa.

Xi Jinping and Putin have declared “unlimited friendship” between the two countries and are looking elsewhere for friends. Putin was the guest of honor at the recent 10th anniversary of Beijing’s Belt and Road Initiative (B&RI), which aims to expand China’s influence to 150 countries by financing infrastructure projects.

Other countries, including many with a history of colonization by European powers, are cautiously exploring new alliances. For example, India, which receives cheap energy from Russia, has not condemned the attack on Ukraine.

The democratic driving force of a new world order in a political crisis

At the same time, the United States, the democratic engine of the new world order, is experiencing an existential political crisis. Donald Trump’s continued dynamism as a presidential candidate is destroying any hope for bipartisan leadership in Congress, let alone the White House.

If Trump is re-elected, he plans to take away NATO, the bastion of Western defense. The outlook is bleak.

President Biden said, “We are at a turning point in history… The decisions we make in the next four or five years will determine what the next four or five years will look like.

But all is not lost

There are clear signs that all is not lost. It is a mistake to believe that these global crises will inevitably lead to the overthrow of the West.

Given the strong Palestinian sentiment among their own citizens, Middle Eastern Arab leaders from Egypt to Jordan to Saudi Arabia have little choice but to verbally oppose Israel. They are also wary that Shiite, non-Arab Iran is using the situation to expand its influence across the Middle East.

But there is no indication that they want to escalate conflicts across the region or engage in military operations themselves. Despite the political conflict, the US economy is doing well, while China’s economy is slowing.

China has been reluctant to lend, and its enthusiasm for borrowing is waning as current projects run into trouble. In 2017, 29 world leaders participated in the Belt and Road Forum, in 2019 – 37, and this year only 23.

Russia’s failure to conquer Ukraine has not inspired Xi Jinping to invade Taiwan. Both Russia and China are reluctant to become politically involved in the Israel-Hamas conflict because of their many economic ties to the region and hostility to Islamism.

Biden remains optimistic

In these dark days, many will be surprised by Biden’s optimism that “there is a real opportunity to bring the world together in a way we haven’t done in a long time.” If the current dangerous tipping point is to have a positive outcome, defenders of the old order will have to show sensitivity to others, but also respect for their own values.

After the fighting ends, Israel will have to make concessions to the Palestinian “two-state solution.” After that, according to Biden, the kingdom is ready to follow its Gulf neighbors and normalize relations with Israel.

Enlightenment values ​​such as democracy, human rights and women’s liberation have not yet been fully realized in many parts of the world. They are still the most attractive, otherwise there wouldn’t be so many people trying to immigrate to the West.

We are not at the end of history, mainly because the old New World Order is still worth fighting for.

PRO Palestinian protests in London , Five people have been arrested.

PRO Palestinian protests in London
Protesters during a pro-Palestine march in central London PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

PRO Palestinian protests in London Five people have been charged , the Metropolitan Police said. Tens of thousands took to the streets of the capital on Saturday to protest Israel’s bombardment of Gaza, and forces arrested nine people, two on suspicion of attacking police officers and seven on public order offences. Counter-demonstrations.

Two more women have been arrested on suspicion of inciting racial hatred following the incident in Trafalgar Square on Sunday morning. The Metropolitan Police was criticized for organizing the march, which saw more than 1,000 officers on duty.

The five defendants are:

  • Kadirul Islam, 33, of no fixed address, was charged with a racially motivated offense after allegedly shouting racial abuse.
  • Emma Turvey, 51, from Grace, Essex, was charged with trespassing after she allegedly threw a can of beer at protesters in Whitehall.
  • Atif Sharif, 41, of Walthamstow, east London, has been charged with causing actual bodily harm after a police officer was attacked and suffered head injuries.
  • Laura Davies, 22, from Barnet, north London, has been charged with a racially aggravated offense in relation to an incident near Piccadilly Circus where a poster with allegedly racist and threatening posters.
  • A 16-year-old boy, who cannot be identified because of his age, has been charged with a misdemeanor after allegedly verbally abusing police officers escorting protesters.

G7 called for immediate lifting of the Japanese food embargo and put pressure on China.

Japanese food
Local staff encase the sample fish to a cold box for a team of experts from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) with scientists from China, South Korea and Canada at Hisanohama Port, Thursday, Oct. 19, 2023 in Iwaki, northeastern Japan. Eugene Hoshiko/Pool viaphoto credit: REUTERS/File Photo Acquire Licensing Rights

Japanese food : TOKYO, October 29 (Reuters). The Group of Seven industrial powers (G7) on Sunday called for the “immediate lifting” of restrictions on Japanese food imports, citing China’s restrictions after Japan began draining Japanese sewage. Fukushima nuclear power plant. G7 trade ministers did not mention China in a statement after a weekend meeting in Osaka, but they also condemned China’s growing economic coercion through trade.

The 10-page statement said: “We deplore the weapon of economic dependence and are committed to free, fair and mutually beneficial economic and trade relations.” Two months ago, when Japan began releasing radioactive water from the damaged Fukushima nuclear power plant into the Pacific Ocean, China imposed a blanket moratorium on Japanese fish imports. Russia announced similar restrictions earlier this month, although Japan and the US called the restrictions unfair. China’s Foreign Ministry did not immediately respond to a request for comment on the G7’s outdoor statement.

The G7 – the US, Japan, Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Canada – expressed “concern” about the latest export controls on key minerals. China, the world’s biggest producer of graphite, this month announced export restrictions on the key material for electric vehicle batteries, another move to control supplies of the key mineral as it faces challenges over global dominance.

G7 ministers “agreed that there is a really big need to reduce dependence on specific countries for critical resources,” said Yasunomi Nishimura, trade minister of host country Japan. “We fully agree to build strong and reliable supply chains for critical minerals, semiconductors and batteries,” he told a news conference.

The statement said ministers reiterated concerns about “widespread and evolving non-market policies”, including “pervasive, opaque and trade-distorting industrial subsidies” and forced technology transfers. On Russia, G7 officials condemned Russia’s invasion of Ukraine for damaging Ukraine’s grain export infrastructure and condemned Moscow’s decision to “unilaterally” withdraw from negotiations on a deal that would have allowed the grain giant to export wheat and other products to Ukraine. Through the Black Sea.

Unlike a meeting of G7 finance ministers two weeks ago, which condemned Hamas’ “terrorist attacks” on Israel, trade ministers did not mention the Middle East crisis, saying only that they were “trying to raise awareness of global economic challenges”. Transport of humanitarian goods across international borders during natural disasters and other emergencies”. Western countries generally support what they say is Israel’s right to self-defense, but the international community has grown increasingly concerned about the number of Israeli airstrikes and there are growing calls to freeze aid to Palestinian civilians in Gaza.

Pope Francis calls for ceasefire between Israel and Hamas and release hostages.

Pope Francis calls for ceasefire
Palestinians gather at the site of Israeli strikes on houses and a mosque in the central Gaza Strip October 29, 2023. photo credit:REUTERS/Mohammed Fayq Abu Mostafa Acquire Licensing Rights

Pope Francis calls for ceasefire, 29 October. Pope Francis on Sunday called for a ceasefire in the war between Israel and Hamas, repeating his call for the release of hostages held by the Palestinian militant group in Gaza. “Let no one abandon the possibility of a cessation of arms,” ​​he said during the weekly blessing in St. Peter’s Square.

“A cease-fire,” he said, referring to a recent televised call by Father Ibrahim Faltas, one of the Vatican’s representatives in the Holy Land. He then added in his own words: “We say ‘truce, truce’. Brothers and sisters, stop! War is always defeat, always”. Referring to the “serious situation in Palestine and Israel,” he said, “Especially in Gaza, space must be left to guarantee humanitarian aid and hope for the immediate release of the hostages,” and spoke of the situation of the Israeli hostages. Posted by Hamas on October 7th. The United Nations refugee agency for Palestine (UNRWA) said on Sunday that thousands of desperate Gazans had broken into its warehouses and distribution centers, grabbing flour and “basic survival items”.

Pope Francis calls for ceasefire
Palestinians gather at the site of Israeli strikes on houses and a mosque in the central Gaza Strip October 29, 2023. photo credit:REUTERS/Mohammed Fayq Abu Mostafa Acquire Licensing Rights

Francis spoke as Israeli forces began a ground operation against Hamas in Gaza, in what Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said was the second phase of a three-week war aimed at destroying the group.

Opposition activists protest police killings in Bangladesh.

Opposition activists protest
Supporters of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) wave party flag during a rally at Naya Paltan area in Dhaka, Bangladesh, October 28, 2023. photo credit: REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain Acquire Licensing Rights

Opposition activists protest police killings in Bangladesh.
DHAKA, Oct 29 (Reuters) – Bangladeshi police said on Sunday they had arrested two opposition activists in connection with the death of a policeman during violent protests demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina. Photos and video showed the officer being beaten and caned to death by a mob on Saturday as tens of thousands took part in demonstrations in the capital Dhaka led by the main opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP).

More than 100 people, including policemen and journalists, were injured and several vehicles were burnt. Security forces patrolled Dhaka on Sunday during a nationwide strike called by the BNP, and police said they arrested two activists over the officer’s death and took away the party’s general secretary, Mirza Alam. Jill interrogates.

Opposition activists protest
Supporters of Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) wave party flag during a rally at Naya Paltan area in Dhaka, Bangladesh, October 28, 2023. photo credit: REUTERS/Mohammad Ponir Hossain Acquire Licensing Rights

“We will ensure that those involved in the killings face the harshest punishment,” Dhaka police chief Habibur Rahman told reporters. A police source said one of the two arrested was a BNP youth leader, while the other’s affiliation has not been confirmed.

The BNP did not comment on the officer’s death, but called on supporters to block the streets for three days from Tuesday to protest the arrest. The group said an activist was also shot during Saturday’s protests, but police and doctors said he had a heart condition.

Home Minister Asaduzaman Khan said a case was filed over the violence because Bangladeshis were worried about political unrest and the rising cost of living. “How are we going to survive? Every price is going sky high. How will we save our families? “said substitute Mizanur Rahman.

Critics accuse Hasina, in power since 2009, of authoritarianism, rigging elections and human rights abuses, including jailing opponents. She denies it.

The BNP wants Hasina to step down and hold the next general election in January 2024 under a neutral caretaker government,

ArcelorMittal mine fire in Kazakhstan after At least 32 dead, 14 missing

mine fire in Kazakhstan
ArcelorMittal operates eight coal mines in the Karaganda region and four iron ore mines in Central and Northern Kazakhstan. photo Credit: Angela from Pixabay.mining-technology.com

ALMATY, Oct 28 (Reuters) – Kazakhstan’s Emergencies Ministry said on Saturday that at least 32 people were killed and 14 missing in a mine fire in Kazakhstan. ArcelorMittal Temirtau, the local unit of Luxembourg steelmaker ArcelorMittal ( MT.LU ), said 206 of the 252 people working at the Kostenko mine were evacuated after a suspected methane explosion.

It is reported that eighteen people sought medical help. Kazakhstan’s President Tokayev expressed his condolences to the families of the victims, declared October 29 a national day of mourning and ordered the government to stop investment cooperation with ArcelorMittal Temirtau. The company said it had suspended operations at the coal mine for 24 hours to carry out gas protection tests. The government and the company also confirmed they were working to finalize a deal to nationalize the company that runs the country’s largest steel plant. “ArcelorMittal can also confirm that the parties have discussed the future of ArcelorMittal Temirtau and recently signed an agreement on the transfer of ownership to the Republic of Kazakhstan, as informed by the Government of Kazakhstan earlier today. “Preliminary agreement on the transaction,” said the miner. said .

“ArcelorMittal is committed to completing this transaction as quickly as possible to minimize disruption.”

Last month, First Deputy Prime Minister Roman Sklyars told reporters that Kazakhstan was negotiating with potential investors to take over the plant. He said the Cabinet was not satisfied with ArcelorMittal’s failure to meet its investment commitments, improve equipment and ensure the safety of workers after several fatal accidents.

Israel launches Gaza war second phase with ground operation, Netanyahu says

Israel launches Gaza war second phase
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu speaks at a press conference in the Kirya military base in Tel Aviv, Israel, on October 28. Abir Sultan/Pool/AFP/Getty Images

Israel launches Gaza war second phase: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on Saturday that hostilities in Gaza had entered a second phase, with Israeli forces launching ground operations against Hamas militants who control the Palestinian enclave. As Israeli warplanes dropped more bombs, leaving the besieged Gaza Strip almost cut off from the outside world, military leaders said preparations were underway for a long-threatened ground offensive against Hamas militants.

Netanyahu warned at a press conference in Tel Aviv that the war would be long and difficult and reiterated Israel’s call for Palestinian civilians to evacuate the northern Gaza Strip, where Israel has concentrated its attacks. He vowed to do everything to rescue the more than 200 hostages held by Hamas.

“This is the second phase of the war and its goal is clear – to destroy Hamas’s government and military capacity and bring the hostages home,” Netanyahu told reporters. Israel blockaded and bombed the Gaza Strip three weeks after an attack by the Islamist group Hamas killed 1,400 Israelis on October 7, the deadliest day in the country’s 75-year history. Western countries generally support Israel’s right to self-defense, but the international community is increasingly concerned about the casualties caused by the bombing, and there are growing calls to freeze aid to civilians in Gaza.
Health officials in Hamas-ruled Gaza, home to 2.3 million people, say 7,650 Palestinians have been killed in Israeli crackdowns. With many buildings in ruins and shelter difficult to find, Gazans lack food, water, fuel and medicine. Their situation worsened after phone and internet services were disrupted on Friday evening, followed by heavy bombing overnight. “God bless everyone under the rubble,” said a journalist in Gaza. He spent a terrifying night in a stairwell where he saw a “rib of fire” as bombs fell and Israeli troops appeared to exchange fire with Palestinian fighters.

Without a mobile phone, no one could call an ambulance and emergency services ran out of fuel, he said. Desperate people will use walkie-talkies to call for help when contacting the police, he added. Although there were no signs of a large-scale invasion, Israel said troops sent to Gaza on Friday night were still on the ground, focusing on infrastructure, including a vast network of tunnels built by Hamas.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Saturday linked the conflict with Hamas to the Arab-Israeli war of 1947-1949, which took place around the time Israel declared independence. “The war in Gaza will last a long time. This is our second war of independence. We will save our country,” Netanyahu said.
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu announced on Saturday that the second phase of the war against Hamas has begun, aimed at destroying the group’s armed wing and government and bringing home the hostages held in Gaza. “Our heroic warriors have one goal: to destroy this enemy and ensure the survival of our country. Never again. “Now it’s ‘never again,'” Netanyahu said at a press conference on Saturday.
On the hostages: Netanyahu also confirmed that he had spoken to the families of the hostages held by Hamas and vowed to use all means to repatriate their relatives. At the same media briefing, Israeli Defense Minister Yov Galant said increased attacks would increase Hamas’ chances of returning the hostages it is holding in Gaza.w

“When we hit the enemy harder, the enemy is more likely to agree to a solution that brings their loved ones home,” Galante said. The expanded ground operation has upset the families of the hostages, with an advocacy group saying on Saturday that their loved ones face “absolute uncertainty about the fate of the hostages who are being held (in Gaza), who are also under heavy bombardment”.

“Anxiety, frustration and, above all, sheer anger because no one from the War Cabinet bothered to meet with the families of the hostages to explain one thing – whether the operation on the ground threatened the welfare of the 229 hostages in Gaza,” the group said. . in the statement.

Apollo 17 astronauts rocks collected that reveal the true age moon.

Apollo 17 astronauts
Geologist and astronaut Harrison Schmitt used an adjustable sampling scoop to retrieve lunar samples during the Apollo 17 mission in 1972. photo credit:NASAcnn.com

Apollo 17 astronauts:The Moon, our planet’s eternal celestial companion, darkens about once a month when its orbit crosses the Earth and the Sun.

Earth’s largest moon has long been a source of awe and wonder, inspiring the imaginations of artists and writers for thousands of years. The moon’s gravity is also the force behind ocean waters and is part of the reason Earth has a 24-hour day.

Be sure to look up this Saturday night as the full moon shines in the night sky. Lucky observers in Europe, Africa, much of Asia and western Australia will also see a partial lunar eclipse, when the Earth’s shadow appears to take a bite out of the Moon.
Even though the Moon is Earth’s closest neighbor, it still holds many mysteries – mysteries that can be solved by visiting the lunar surface.

Lunar Calendar Update

Apollo 17 astronauts
Geologist and astronaut Harrison Schmitt used an adjustable sampling scoop to retrieve lunar samples during the Apollo 17 mission in 1972.
photo credit:NASA\cnn.com

When Apollo 17 astronauts Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt scooped up rocks and dust from the lunar surface in 1972, they inadvertently brought knowledge about the moon with them. The answer to one of the biggest questions: its age.

More than 50 years after collecting samples, scientists have discovered crystals in lunar dust that show the moon is 40 million years older than previously thought. The Moon was formed when a Mars-sized object crashed into the Earth, throwing a huge fragment of rock into space around the Earth. Zircon crystals formed as the Moon cooled 4.46 billion years ago, and new analysis has traced them back to Apollo 17 samples. “It’s amazing that you can show that the rock you’re holding in your hand is the oldest lunar fragment we’ve found so far,” said Janika Greer, a geosciences researcher at the University of Glasgow.


The origin of human life remains largely a mystery to scientists. When the sperm fuses with the egg, a complex process creates tiny cells that divide and multiply, eventually forming the human body with more than 30 trillion cells.

But the early development of human embryos, especially in the first month, raises a big question mark that scientists want to answer. Advances in stem cells are used to create embryo-like structures, or cells that mimic an embryo but do not produce a fetus. But these advances raise ethical questions about how embryos are used in the name of science and women’s health.

Long time ago

Apollo 17 astronauts
The dinosaur footprints were discovered on a beach next to a café, a car park and a bus stop on England’s Isle of Wight. photo credit:cnn.com\
JBA Consulting/Environment Agency

Engineers investigating ways to reduce coastal erosion and flooding have discovered 125 million-year-old dinosaur tracks next to a seaside cafe on the Isle of Wight.

The three-toed footprints may have been made by Mantelisaurus, a herbivorous dinosaur that lived in the early Cretaceous period. Nick Gray, regional flood and coastal risk manager at the UK Environment Agency, said: “Dinosaurs are right where our teams are at work, bringing together the old and the new – tackling the challenges of today’s climate change in a time frame we can only imagine in the US.”

Separately, the remains of a 5,000-year-old Neolithic tomb have been excavated in Scotland’s Orkney Islands. The site contains more than a dozen skeletons of men, women and children, including a couple who appear to have embraced.

Across the Universe

Several telescopes witnessed a massive cosmic explosion that released light brighter than the entire Milky Way. The explosion, known as a kilonova, occurs when two neutron stars collide and emit a burst of high-energy light.

The James Webb Space Telescope also detected signs of rare chemical elements after the explosion, such as tellurium, which is used to paint glass, and iodine, which is essential for most life on Earth.

Once upon a time there was a planet

Apollo 17 astronauts
The ancient landscape was discovered beneath the ice, inland from Denman Glacier in East Antarctica shown here.

Ice-penetrating radar has revealed ancient landscapes beneath the East Antarctic ice sheet.

The area, roughly the size of Belgium, was shaped by rivers and is likely to resemble the hills and valleys of North Wales before it was covered by ice 14 million years ago. “The land beneath the East Antarctic ice sheet is not as well known as the surface of Mars,” said Stuart Jamieson, a professor in the Department of Geography at Durham University in the UK.

Understanding hidden, preserved landscapes can help scientists predict how the ice sheet will evolve and how it will evolve as temperatures rise during the climate crisis. Meanwhile, declassified Cold War images taken by US spy satellites show hundreds of previously unknown Roman fortresses in Iraq and Syria, but many of the structures may have been destroyed.


These new findings may surprise you:

— The Webb Telescope has discovered a never-before-seen high-speed jet stream swirling around Jupiter’s equator. — A bittersweet tune may be just what doctors use to ease the sensation of pain, according to new research.

— Volcanic rocks on one of the world’s largest islands contain evidence that millions of years of helium may have leaked from the Earth’s core.

Earth core leaking,Scientists say.

Earth core leaking
Scientists have discovered ancient helium in volcanic rocks, indicating the element may be leaking from Earth's core. photo credit: cnn.comfpm/E+/Getty Images

Earth core leaking: Scientists have discovered surprising amounts of rare helium gas, known as helium-3, in volcanic rocks on Canada’s Baffin Island, supporting theories that the noble gas spewed from the Earth’s core and has been there for thousands of years. The research group also discovered helium 4 in the rocks.

Although helium-4 is common on Earth, helium-3 is much more easily found elsewhere in the universe, so scientists were surprised to discover that Baffin Island’s rocks turned up higher amounts of the element than previously reported. The results were described in a recent study published in the journal Nature.

“At the most fundamental level, there is very little 3He (helium 3) in the universe compared to 4He (helium 4),” said Forey, the study’s lead author and an associate scientist in the Department of Geology and Geophysics at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. , Forrest Horton said. , in e-mail. “3 It is rare on Earth because it is not produced or added in large quantities here and is lost to space,” Horton added. “When the rocky parts of the Earth are like hot water on a stove, when they are stirred and convected, matter rises, cools and sinks. During the cooling phase, helium is lost to the atmosphere and then to space. “

The discovery of elements emanating from the Earth’s core can help scientists gain insight into how our planet formed and evolved over time, and the new findings provide evidence that supports existing hypotheses about how our planet formed.

Treasury of “Scientific Treasures”.

Baffin Island, located in Nunavut, is Canada’s largest island. It is also the fifth largest island in the world.

Solway Lass-Evans, doing his PhD under the supervision of University of Edinburgh scientist Finley Stewart, first discovered a high ratio of helium 3 to helium 4 in the volcanic rocks of Baffin Island. Their findings were published in Nature in 2003.

Earth core leaking
Baffin Island is home to mountains and steep cliffs. photo credit: cnn.com\
robertharding/Alamy Stock Photo

A planet’s composition reflects the elements from which it was formed, and previous studies have detected small amounts of helium-3 escaping from Earth’s core, supporting the popular theory that our planet originated in the solar nebula, a cloud of gas and dust. which could be It collapsed due to a shock wave from a nearby supernova containing this element. In 2018, Horton and his colleagues conducted research on Baffin Island, where they studied lava that erupted millions of years ago when Greenland and North America split apart and gave way to new seafloor. They wanted to study rocks that could hold insights about the materials in Earth’s core and mantle (the mostly solid layer of Earth’s interior that lies below the surface). Scientists flew by helicopter to reach the island’s remote, otherworldly landscape, where lava flows form towering cliffs, giant icebergs float and polar bears roam the shores. Horton said local organizations, including the Chiquiktani Inuit Association and the Nunavut Research Institute, provide researchers with access to the bears, counseling and protection. “This area of ​​Baffin Island is of particular importance, both as a sacred site for the local community and as a scientific window into the depths of the earth,” he said.

The arctic rocks studied by Horton and his team showed much higher measurements of helium-3 and helium-4 than previous studies had reported, and the measurements varied between the samples collected. “Many lavas are filled with pale green olivine (also known as the gemstone peridot), so chipping a fresh shard with a rock hammer is as exciting as a child opening a geode: each rock is a treasure waiting to be discovered,” Horton said. . . “What a precious gem of science they turned out to be!”

Horton said that for every million helium-4 atoms there is only one helium-3 atom. The team measured about 10 million helium-3 atoms per gram of olivine crystal.

“Our high 3He/4He measurements suggest that gas, possibly inherited from the solar nebula during the formation of the solar system, is better preserved on Earth than previously thought,” he said.

Tracing Earth’s History

But how does helium-3 get into rocks in the first place?

The answer lies in the Big Bang, which also released massive amounts of hydrogen and helium when the universe was formed. Over time, these elements were incorporated into the formation of galaxies.

Scientists believe that our solar system formed in the solar nebula 4.5 billion years ago. According to NASA, when the dust cloud collapsed in a supernova, the resulting material formed a rotating disk that eventually formed our sun and planets.

When the Earth formed, helium inherited from the solar nebula may have been locked in the core, making the core a reservoir of noble gases. As helium-3 seeps out of the Earth’s core, it rises in plumes of magma through the mantle to the surface, eventually erupting on Baffin Island.

“During an eruption, most magma gases escape into the atmosphere,” Horton said. “Only olivine crystals that grew before the eruption could trap and store helium deep in the Earth.”

The new study supports the idea that helium-3 is leaking from Earth’s core and has been leaking for some time, but scientists aren’t exactly sure when the process started.

“The lava is about 60 million years old, and it can take tens of thousands of years for the mantle to rise,” Horton said. “So the helium we measure in these rocks may have escaped the core 100 million years ago or earlier.”

He said that the leakage of helium from the Earth’s core will not affect our planet and will not cause any negative consequences. Inert gases do not react chemically with substances, so they have no effect on people or the environment. Next, the team wants to investigate whether Earth’s core is a storehouse of other light elements, which could explain why Earth’s outer core is less dense than expected.

“Is the core the main reservoir of elements like carbon and hydrogen that are important for the habitability of the planet? If so, did the flow of these elements from the core over history affect the evolution of the planet? I’m excited to explore the connection between helium and other elements of light,” Horton said. “Perhaps helium could be used to trace other elements that cross the core-mantle boundary.”

What is wrong with Britain water supply system?

Britain water supply system
Sewer construction in southwest London. PHOTO CREDIT: Thames Waternews.sky.com

Britain water supply system:If you were to design Britain’s sewer system from scratch today, our existing sewer system is not the design you would choose, to say the least. But for much of the country, it is already too late. Most cities have systems that are almost constantly “baking” in sewage leaks.
If you want to understand how Britain got into a sewage crisis from which it may never quite recover, it’s best to start not this year, or last year, or the year England’s water industry was privatized (1989), but a year ago. and half a century ago.

It may seem odd to begin describing Britain’s water crisis in 1856, but as it happens, a fateful decision was made that year – a decision that set us down the path we’re still on today, with concerns about the repeated flow of sewage into rivers. Anger is building and little progress has been made on the problem. 1856 proved to be the moment when the entire structure of urban water systems in Britain (and much of the rest of the world) was dismantled.

Today’s water industry has many complexities – financing companies, the regulatory bodies that oversee them, the nature of water treatment – ​​but the reality here is surprisingly simple. It goes back to the pipes, or more precisely, what goes through the pipes.

Britain water supply system
PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

If you live in a big city like London or Glasgow, when you flush the toilet, the water goes down the drain. The same goes for the gray water that comes out of the sink or the back of the washing machine.

But also rain – and that’s the main thing. Rainwater that runs off roofs, sidewalks, or roads also goes down the same gutters and into the same sewer pipes. This is the so-called “mixed rainwater and sewage system”. The biggest problem with combined systems is that whenever it rains heavily, the system is susceptible to so-called combined sewage overflows. Rainwater essentially floods the sewer system and its pipes and flows through outlets into rivers or the ocean. These leaks should be rare and only occur during heavy rains, but (and this point is hard to overstate) they are not a system failure – they are the system.

With such a combined system – in other words, configuring the pipes as they are – it is not actually possible to 100% prevent all sewage leaks, unless you cover most of the country with treatment plants or build something much larger than the original tunnels. and water tanks. You can imagine. Either that or you can let the sewage back up into people’s homes. This is the logic of pipelines. Now, if you were to design a UK sewer system from scratch today, this is not the design you would choose, to say the least. You will most likely choose something else – a separate system with a sewer pipe and a completely separate rainwater pipe.

Even with a standalone system, there are still challenges. First, road water is very dirty, so it is not recommended to let it flow directly into the river. However, individual systems are now considered the gold standard as they help protect sewage treatment plants from flooding during heavy rains.

Britain water supply system
PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

But for most of us, it is too late. Large urban areas in the UK have such combined systems which dispose of sewage almost continuously. While some in the water industry suggest that all new sewer systems since the 1960s have been the gold standard “separate,” as we’ll see later, the reality is much murkier. But here’s the thing. In a parallel universe, these combined systems might not exist at all. A sewage overflow may be just a dream.

This brings us back to the fateful decision of 1856, a decision made in light of what would become known as “The Big Stink.” Victorian London struggled with a worsening sewage problem. There were many outbreaks of cholera, the most famous of which was the cholera epidemic of 1848, which killed tens of thousands of people. Social reformers such as Sir Edwin Chadwick started a movement for change and called on the authorities to clean up the city, but things seemed to be getting worse and worse.

Britain water supply system
Sewer in Eltham, southeast London. PHOTO CREDIT: Thames Water \news.sky.com

As Stephen Halliday documents in his master’s study, The Great Smird, the advent of flush toilets had a negative effect, causing a dramatic increase in the amount of liquid entering the era’s primitive sewage systems. At that time, there was no concept of sewage treatment as we see it today. In fact, more and more sewage is being washed into the Thames and its tributaries. The more sewage enters the river, the smellier the water becomes, and more importantly, the more people get sick, since most households get their drinking water from the same river.

Eventually, authorities launched a series of investigations, the first of which was led by Chadwick. His vision of London’s sewer system was not unlike the independent systems that people still fantasize about today: sewage flows into one pipe and rainwater into another. Finally, the wastewater will be treated and turned into manure that can be used as fertilizer. So there was an exciting moment in the mid-19th century when it seemed that London would finally have a separate sewer system. In fact, Chadwick was not the only one to advocate this: other engineers came up with detailed plans to build separate pipes for sewage and rainwater. But in the end the commissioners settled on another design – championed by Sir Joseph Bazalgé.
Bazargue was a civil engineer and was appointed chief engineer of the Metropolitan Works Board. In 1858, when the stench of the British Parliament Buildings became so unbearable that they had to be abandoned, his solution was the sewage system we have today.

Britain water supply system
Sewer construction in southwest London. PHOTO CREDIT: Thames Water\news.sky.com

London’s domestic pipes and drains, carrying both sewage and stormwater, will flow into a series of sewers that run alongside embankments along the Thames and to the east of the city, where waste will be collected and then discharged into the Thames’ tidal currents. North Sea. This is how the sewage treatment system that most of us use today was born.

Where London leads, other countries follow. All other major cities in the country have adopted similar combined sewer systems – not to mention many cities and regions in Europe and North America. Bazalgette’s fateful decision, choosing to merge the system and ignore the protests of Chadwick and others, changed the world forever. Today, the Bazalgata sewer and other public works he helped build are recognized as extraordinary achievements. By helping to remove feces from the city, they prevented further outbreaks of cholera. He and his pipe saved countless lives.

Plus, they’ve stood the test of time. London’s sewage still flows through the brick and concrete tunnels laid by Basalgate and his engineers a century and a half ago. His system, developed when the city’s population was about 2 million, is now used by nearly 9 million. It is a miracle.

But it is still a combined system designed from the beginning to discharge sewage into the river during heavy rains. As the population and the size of Britain’s cities grow, more and more concrete and asphalt surfaces divert more and more rainwater down the drain, and these discharges are becoming more frequent.

Back in Bazalgette’s lifetime, London’s system had to discharge for about 12 days each year during the heaviest rainfall. Today there are more than 60 days in a year.

Britain water supply system
Storm relief worker inside Charlton sewer, southeast London. PHOTO CREDIT: Thames Water\news.sky.com

Here are the most important things you need to know about UK sewage systems. The first big problem is the system. We made the wrong choice. But if that’s the only problem, then maybe it’s forgivable. But unfortunately, this is only the beginning, as decades of underinvestment have made this unfortunate choice worse. This is the table of contents for the question. First, governments cut public investment in the late 1970s and 1980s (partly in response to Britain’s IMF bailout and partly as a choice of Margaret Thatcher’s government). In the 1980s, the UK had barely passed a set of European directives on water quality and sewage treatment systems (one of which banned dumping sludge into the sea, which we still did until the late 1990s). So the system was privatized. Sir Dieter Helm, an Oxford University economist and one of Britain’s leading infrastructure experts, said: “The idea was that from 1990 we needed a big investment in water, but the government didn’t.” This will have a cost – so the private sector should borrow money to invest in updating the water infrastructure.

“Balance sheets will be created – clean balance sheets with nothing to show (in fact [the company] won £1 billion) – and these balance sheets will be used for investment. “But balance sheets weren’t used for that. They were used for one of the biggest financial engineering efforts in economic history. “What the new owners of the company do is basically say, can we mortgage these assets? But then they distribute [the proceeds] to shareholders in the form of dividends. “More than thirty years later, we have not built new reservoirs, no new resources have been put in, and frankly, the condition of the sewers is not what it should be.”

Britain water supply system
Sewage spill at river site, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

The extent of the problem only gradually became apparent.

The reality of pollution is shocking

Let’s start with wastewater. When operating as intended, combined sewer systems should discharge very little load into waterways – if it rains heavily. When discharges occur, they must be very diluted as the effluent is carried off with liters of rainwater. but that’s not true. In much of England and Wales, many overflows discharge sewage even on the driest days. Estimating exactly how often this happens is a tricky business. Although water companies in England and Wales are producing more wastewater data than ever before (and notably more than most other countries, including Scotland, where only a fraction of the data is available), the numbers are not 100% reliable. In fact, the EPA says only 82% of pollution reports come from water utilities, with the rest coming from EPA monitoring or public campaigners.

It’s easy to assume that most pollution cases are caused by bad actors—someone pushes a button in a control room somewhere that releases sewage into a river or coast—but the reality is more prosaic and perhaps more shocking. Most spillways are simply tunnels connected to spillways or walls through which water flows when it cannot enter “normal” pipes. In other words, they are the system’s inability to cope with manifestations. Sometimes it’s because the pipes are clogged with debris, or it’s every sewer’s nightmare, the “greasy hill.” Sometimes this happens because pumping stations are overloaded or treatment plants cannot process enough liquid. Regardless, it happens far more often than it should, indicating that many parts of the system—pipes, pump stations, treatment plants—are not equipped to allow sewage and stormwater to flow through the system.

Britain water supply system
More sewage spills, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

In other words, the problem is not that water companies randomly choose to discharge wastewater. The problem is that they cannot control their systems. In fact, it’s even worse: they may not fully understand their system. This is a small but compelling example, and it goes back to the question we started with: the difference between the old Victorian combined sewer systems and the separate systems we should actually be installing. Conventional wisdom in the water environment is that we stopped building combined sewers years ago and that all new sewers built since the 1960s have been stand-alone systems. If you already know this, you know that this distinction is very important. Combined systems are basically guaranteed to overflow sewage; individual systems must be protected from their effects. But when we traveled around the country to visit some of the pipes we reported on, we struggled to find any of these ‘gold standard’ sewer systems in the UK.

Britain water supply system
Copenhagen Harbour, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

We visited Denmark, and at a new site in Copenhagen, they not only separate rainwater from sewage, but also separate roof water from street water in a “triple separation system”. However, we haven’t even been able to find a common two-pipe split system in the UK.

This is even stranger because Water UK, a lobby group for water companies, says that of the 576,734 kilometers (358,365 miles) of sewers in England and Wales, only 96,193 kilometers (59,771 miles), or 17%, are combined sewer systems. They said the rest were separate drains. In theory, the British water system was very different from the Victorian model that Bazalgette decided on in 1856. But then things got murkier. Another estimate by the Danish Environmental Protection Agency shows that combined sewers actually make up 30% of all sewage systems, while another EU figure puts the figure at 70% of all sewage systems. No one can seem to agree – and no one can tell us how many homes have one system or the other. It’s one meaningless statistic after another. Things got even weirder when we finally asked British Water to help us find great modern wastewater treatment systems.

Britain water supply system
Copenhagen’s treatment plant with separate pipes, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

They told us that there are several towns with fully independent sewerage systems including Milton Keynes, Peterborough, Warrington and Telford. But when we checked the EPA data, it showed that all of those cities had overflows found only in combined systems—the dirty pipes that pour sewage into rivers when it rains (and sometimes when it doesn’t). ).

When we asked Anglian Water if there was a combined sewer system in Milton Keynes, they pointed to a map showing that although there are two overflow systems on the outskirts of the town, much of the town area is actually a separate system. But this is a rare exception.

In fact, the more we researched, the more it became clear that since Bazalgata, instead of modernizing the structure of the sewage system, we have actually doubled the old system. Although developers are now expected to install separate stormwater and sanitary sewer lines in new homes and buildings, in practice most developers simply point their lines to the same place: large combined sewer lines on the street. In other words, although general statistics suggest that UK sewerage systems are largely self-contained, the opposite may actually be the case.

Regulators, companies and politicians have a responsibility.

While it’s easy to blame the water company, it’s a complex problem that also has to do with the way we manage and regulate property development in this country. Going back to the fact that our urban spaces have evolved over hundreds and sometimes thousands of years. Planning laws essentially give any developer the automatic right to connect downspouts to main sewers, although they are sometimes cautiously encouraged to divert stormwater elsewhere. All in all, it’s a bit confusing. But, even more alarmingly, the more we research, the more we realize that these and other factors can make water systems as much of a mystery to the water utilities themselves as they are to us. In fact, there are currently no sewer system maps and clear records of where the pipes are, where they go, and what they carry. Just as no one wants to think about what happens when they flush the toilet, our water utilities have been happy for decades not to spend much time thinking about what’s going on below the surface.

Although it is now fashionable to claim that the UK is an exception, the situation is actually the same in most of Europe, where most have similar integrated wastewater treatment systems. The main difference is that most of these countries have not yet started collecting wastewater discharge data.

Caroline Worley of the European Environment Agency said: “This is a widespread problem. A lot of times people don’t even know where the [drainage] is. The first challenge is to map and find out where they are. “

In this respect, although UK data may be preliminary and unreliable, it appears to be slightly ahead of most European countries. It’s easy to blame the company for all of this. They deserve scrutiny for a variety of reasons, including how they manage their finances. In some cases – Thames Water is a good example – previous investors took on large amounts of debt and went out of business. Instead of committing to large capital investments, they were primed by making them dangerously dependent on capital from outside investors. But the responsibility should be shared more widely. The water regulator, Ofwat, is too slow to regulate these issues and is too keen to let companies not change the level of investment. Successive governments have been too focused on reducing water bills without trying to step in and encourage more spending on the system. The EPA was so slow to diagnose the sewage overflow problem that citizen environmentalists are now doing a lot of extra work to monitor local rivers when no one else is. All of this is before we even touch on the other important jobs that water companies do – not only removing dirty water from customers, but also delivering clean water to their homes and businesses. Britain is lucky this year: there is plenty of rain and no shortage of water. But more than thirty years have passed since the last time a new reservoir was built.

Britain water supply system
Anglian Water pipe construction site, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

To be fair, this oft-repeated nugget isn’t as scary as it sounds: there’s been quite a bit of new reservoir capacity coming online in recent years, but most of it has been reservoir expansion and, in some cases, reservoir expansion. restoration. Conversion of the existing quarry into a water collection pond. However, as the climate warms, some parts of the country, especially in the south and east, could experience more drought.

Here again is the problem of underinvestment. For example, plans to create a national water network have been debated for decades. This makes some sense as many parts of the north and west of the UK have more water than they need. However, the country’s water supply system is still disrupted.

There is also a glimmer of hope. Anglian Water is building a water network covering hundreds of kilometers across the East of England. In London, the new Tideway tunnel is expected to catch 95% of the overflow in the Thames (although as you know it is a combined system and the occasional overflow cannot be avoided). The government says it has a new plan to encourage water companies to spend more on sewage systems.

But all these plans cost money – a lot of money. The total funding required for the modernization of sewerage and water supply is around 100 billion. GBP – Estimated cost of the HS2 scheme before it is scrapped.

Britain water supply system
Construction of the Tideway Tunnel in London, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

This means future bills will be higher. Do customers think these higher bills are worth paying? Or will their dissatisfaction with the water supply system only increase in the coming years?

Environment Minister Theresa Coffey, who described the repeated cases of illegal sewage disposal as a “scandal”, said she would not comment on the size of the bill, but indicated that consumers might be willing to pay for improved systems.

“Any increase in bills can only be for new investments – not things that should have been done before,” she said. “People don’t have to pay twice.”

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And before you ask, it will be very expensive to replace the existing combined system (ie the Bazalgette model) with a separate system with two pipes (one for sewage and one for rainwater). Estimates put the figure at between £350bn and £600bn, which would make it the biggest infrastructure investment in history. This would involve digging up every road in the country, not to mention persuading every house to renovate its gutters and downspouts. So it won’t happen. But it carries a hard lesson that is not widely appreciated: We cannot prevent 100 percent of all sewage overflows.

Combined systems always have to release some effluent into rivers when it rains heavily. This is how our current system works.

Which Militias Group Iran Support in Syria and Throughout the Middle East?

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
Pro-Assad troops in Hujaira, Syria, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria: Iran’s so-called “axis of resistance” is a central part of the country’s foreign policy, which it uses to exert influence in the Middle East while reducing the influence of its rivals – the US and Israel to the west – and Saudi Arabia.

Iran has been at the center of discussions of the Israel-Hamas war.

Although Iran denies direct involvement in the October 7 invasion, Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said it “kissed the hands of those who planned attacks on the Zionist regime.”

Following the attacks on US facilities, the US launched retaliatory strikes on two Iranian-linked facilities in Syria, raising concerns about Syria’s direct involvement in the conflict with Israel. Iran’s Revolutionary Guard and its elite Quds Force are providing millions of dollars to arm and train fighters across the Middle East to consolidate power in the region.

This so-called “axis of resistance” is a central part of Iran’s foreign policy, which it uses to influence while undermining its rivals in the West, the United States and Israel, as well as the influence of Saudi Arabia. Sky News looks at the various forces that Tehran supports in the Middle East.

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com


Iran’s military, security and intelligence services have long helped Syria’s Shiite allies support the government of Bashar al-Assad. Strategically, in addition to Assad’s military, it supports a number of pro-government militias in case the Assad regime collapses.
In the second year after the start of the Syrian civil war, a pro-government militia called the National Defense Forces (NDF) was formed. It is by far the largest armed force in the country, with around 40,000 fighters from the Alawite, Druze and Sunni Muslim communities.

Iran urged Assad to legitimize the NDF and formally integrate it into the army, but the regime decided to disband it in 2016, forcing the Islamic Republic to focus on the Local Defense Forces (LDF). Unlike its predecessors, the LDF became part of the Syrian army and has around 50,000 fighters, mostly from Aleppo and Raqqa.

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
Pro-Assad troops in Hujaira, Syria, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

Among the umbrella organizations, elite units such as Al Sefira Legion, Al Bajir Brigade and Katraj Forces are considered the most powerful. Smaller Shiite militias also operate in Syria, including those that Iran has helped recruit from Afghanistan and Pakistan.

Palestinian Territories

Iran provides funds and weapons to Hamas and its smaller rival Islamic Jihad in the Palestinian territories. Military analyst Professor Michael Clarke said Palestinian Islamic Jihad had more assets. per capita than Hamas.

But like other hard-line Palestinian groups such as the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) and the Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine (DFLP), they are “small and incompletely organized.” “Iran is not interested in the size of its army,” he said.

“More than anything they like to spread their generosity because you never know who will stand out. So it’s a good investment to make sure you’re helping everyone. “

Analysts believe that Hamas’ use of drones to help destroy Israel’s famed Iron Dome defense system in the Oct. 7 attack points to Iranian involvement.

Although Hamas and Iran share a common anti-Israel agenda, they have been at odds over several issues in recent years. Tehran temporarily withdrew money from Hamas when it supported anti-Assad protesters in Syria during the civil war.

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
Members of Islamic Jihad mark its 36th anniversary in Gaza City on 4 October, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com


Iran pours more money and resources into Hezbollah than any other group in the Middle East. Its large presence in southern Lebanon near the border with Israel makes it very strategically important to Tehran.
“Hezbollah is Iran’s biggest client in this part of the world and their biggest investment,” Professor Clarke said. “They gave them some of their best weapons, including Fateh 1-10 ballistic missiles and armored vehicles.

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
Hezbollah burns Israeli and US flags the day after Hamas’s incursion, PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com

“So while other groups look like terrorist groups, Hezbollah looks more like a conventional military force.”

Iran also used Hezbollah to train pro-Assad forces in Syria during the civil war. “They use them as conduits to connect with other groups,” Professor Clarke added. “Although Hezbollah is not particularly interested in areas outside of Lebanon and southern Israel, they have to do what Tehran tells them to do.”

Since the war broke out on October 7, fires across the Israel-Lebanon border have raised concerns that Hezbollah may intervene directly in the conflict, sparking a larger war between Israel, its Western allies and Iran.


Before the collapse in 2008, Iran supported the Mahdi Army, a Shiite militia that fought US forces in Iraq.

Militias Group Iran Support in Syria
Members of the PMF take part in a graduation ceremony in Kerbala, Iraq in 2019 .PHOTO CREDIT: news.sky.com/

It now provides support to more than 60 militia groups within the People’s Mobilization Forces (PMF), a state-sponsored umbrella organization. The PMF was officially established in 2014 to help in the fight against ISIS.


Iran is using the Houthi rebels, one of three factions fighting for power in Yemen, as a “proxy force” to pressure Israel and Saudi Arabia, its two main rivals in the region. Professor Clarke said: “The Houthis are ready to go to war against anyone.

“They have attacked Saudi Arabia and Israel with Iranian missiles, so it is right for the Iranians to let the Houthis continue because they are a destructive force for everyone.”

The US’s first military intervention in defense of Israel since the start of the war this month was the shooting down of three missiles fired by Yemen’s Houthis.

Nearly 50 hostages killed since the Israeli strike,Hamas said.

hostages killed
photo credit: Reuters

Hostages killed: According to official statistics, Hamas carried out the worst attack in Israel’s history

on October 7. Large numbers of Hamas fighters poured into Israel from Gaza, killing more than 1,400 people, most of them civilians, and kidnapping 224 people. Israel’s relentless offensive against Hamas in Gaza, which the health ministry says has killed more than 7,000 people, mostly civilians, is expected to escalate if Israeli forces seize vast swathes of land along the border.

On the 20th day of Israel’s bloodiest war on Gaza, the UN humanitarian coordinator for the Palestinian territories, Lynn Hastings, said there was no difference despite warnings from the Israeli military to people in Gaza. “. She said in a statement that when the escape routes were bombed, “people had no choice but to make impossible choices. Nowhere in Gaza was safe.”

The military said its forces hit “numerous terrorist groups, infrastructure and anti-tank missiles” overnight. After the preparation of Prime Minister Benjamin Neitan, there was preparation for a land war. After the grainy night vision of Israeli military personnel, black smoke rolled into the sky.

The military pointed out that the campaign in the north of Gaza is “preparation for the next fighting phase”. The raid happened after Netanyahu said national television speech to Israelis, who are still mourning and angry after the October 7 attack, saying “we are fighting for our survival.”

The international community is increasingly worried about the amount of human suffering in the siege of Palestine, as Israel interrupts much of the water, food, fuel and other basic collections. Um Omar al -Haldi, mournful in southern Gaza, told AFP, as she had seen her neighbors killed in Israeli shocks, which resulted in homes in the ruins, and many people are worried about being buried under them.

“We saw them bombed – the children were bombed while their mothers were hugged. “Where are the Arabs, where are the people?” she asked.

In a statement, Amnesty International called for an immediate ceasefire to ensure “the people of Gaza receive life-saving aid in the midst of an unprecedented humanitarian disaster”. Agnes Kalamara, director of the human rights organization, said: “Serious violations of international humanitarian law, including war crimes, by all parties to the conflict continue unabated.”

The death toll is rising –

The war’s death toll is the highest since Israel unilaterally withdrew troops from the small coastal territory in 2005, a period in which Gaza has fought four times.

Entire neighborhoods were razed to the ground, surgeons operated without anesthesia, and ice trucks were turned into makeshift morgues. Amidst the chaotic scenes, volunteers and neighbors dug out crumbling concrete and sand, sometimes with their bare hands, to rescue civilians.
Many times they found only mountains of corpses wrapped in blood-stained white shrouds. In Brussels on Thursday, EU leaders discussed demands for a “pause” in the war to allow aid to arrive.

The 27-nation bloc has long been divided between more pro-Palestinian member states, such as Ireland and Spain, and staunch supporters of Israel, including Germany and Austria. Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar said: “We want the killing and violence to stop, so that humanitarian aid can get to Gaza, where innocent Palestinians are suffering, and for us to evacuate EU citizens.”

US President Joe Biden is a staunch supporter of Israel and has previously called on Israel to “protect innocent civilians” and abide by the “laws of war” as it pursues Hamas. French President Emmanuel Macron warned on Wednesday that “a large-scale intervention that would endanger the lives of civilians would be a mistake”.

Jordan’s King Abdullah II said anger over the ordeal could “cause an explosion” in the Middle East. – “Rain in Hell” –

Netanyahu said Israel had “brought hell to Hamas” and molecularly killed “thousands of terrible people”.

He said his war cabinet and the military would set the timing of a “ground offensive” with the aim of “eliminating Hamas” and “bringing home our captives”. But he stressed: “I will not elaborate on when, how and how much power” will participate.

Nathan also admits for the first time that he will have to explain the security gaps discovered on October 7. “The mistake is being investigated and everyone has to answer, including me,” he said. “But that will all happen in the future.”

Biden emphasized: “When the crisis is over, there has to be a vision of what happened next.” He reiterated Washington’s support for a two-state solution for an independent Israel and Palestine.

“It means a concerted effort by all parties — Israelis, Palestinians, regional partners, global leaders — to put us on the path to peace,” Biden said. About 2,500 US soldiers are located in Iraq and about 900 in Syria, helping to fight the remains of the Islamic State Jihadist group.

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The Pentagon announced that between 17 and 24 October, the US and Allied forces made 10 shocks in Iraq and three in Syria, involving “one -way shock unmanned aircraft and rockets”.

CDC says,Health workers face Mental health crisis.

Health workers face
A new report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says nearly half of health workers reported feeling burned out in 2022. photo credit: edition.cnn.comTempura/E+/Getty Images

Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are sounding the alarm about a mental health crisis among healthcare workers across the country.

The agency’s new report, using national survey data from 2018 to 2022, found that nearly half of health care workers reported burnout in 2022, up from less than a third four years ago. Reports of healthcare workers being harassed at work have also more than doubled.

The report released Tuesday also found that healthcare workers face worse mental health problems than workers in other industries. The results come on the heels of the largest health care workers’ strike in U.S. history, in which 75,000 Kaiser Permanente union workers said they felt fatigued during the strike in five states and the District of Columbia. , and there is a chronic shortage of workers.

“While healthcare workers are generally caring for others in need, our nation’s healthcare workers are suffering right now and we need to act,” said Dr. Debra Houry, CDC’s chief medical officer. Horry added that even before the pandemic, health care workers’ jobs were demanding, with providers facing long hours and unpredictable schedules, exposure to infectious diseases and interactions with patients and their families that were often challenging.

Previous studies have shown that healthcare professionals, especially nurses, healthcare assistants, and healthcare technicians, have a higher risk of suicide than those who do not work in the medical field. “Patient care can also be extremely stressful and emotional,” Houri said. “Despite your efforts to save lives, I still remember some of the difficult patient cases I’ve dealt with when I broke the bad news of a terminal cancer diagnosis to a colleague, or when I couldn’t revive my young child after a car accident. “When I went through that transition, I had to perform well and take care of my family. In doing that, I didn’t always pay enough attention to my health needs.”

Houry said the Covid-19 pandemic has made the challenges in the workplace even more acute, with healthcare providers facing high patient volumes, long working hours and shortages of raw materials. These stressors exacerbate mental health complications, increase suicidal thoughts, and, like most American adults, lead to substance abuse problems.

The study found that between 2018 and 2022, the number of days on which healthcare professionals reported poor mental health increased. In the survey, 44% of healthcare workers said they wanted to find a new job, compared to 33% in 2018.

By comparison, the number of other key workers looking to find a new job fell over the same period. Meanwhile, the number of healthcare professionals who experienced harassment, including threats of violence, intimidation and verbal abuse of patients and colleagues, increased from 6% to 13% over the course of the study.

According to the CDC, harassment has a significant impact on the mental health of health care workers: health care workers who report harassment are five times more likely to report anxiety than health care workers who are not harassed. Those who experienced harassment were more than three times more likely to report depression and almost six times more likely to report burnout.

For example, 85% of healthcare workers who experienced harassment reported feeling anxious, compared to 53% of healthcare workers who did not experience harassment. 60 percent of victims of harassment reported suffering from depression, almost twice the rate of healthcare workers who had not experienced harassment.

However, the report says these effects can be prevented by improving workplace policies and practices. Research has shown that healthcare workers who trust management, have enough time to complete their work, and are supported by managers are less likely to experience burnout.

“We urge employers to take this message to heart and take preventative measures immediately,” said Kathy Joswood, director of the Office of Total Workforce Health at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. “A supportive work environment has a positive impact on healthcare professionals.”

The report also recommends that employers encourage “employee participation at various levels” in decision-making: healthcare workers who help make decisions are about half as likely to report symptoms of depression. Joswood advises managers to support employees by monitoring staffing needs and taking reports of harassment seriously. The CDC’s National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health also plans to launch a nationwide campaign this fall to help hospital leaders address health care worker well-being issues as part of the agency’s ongoing effort to raise awareness of health care efforts. part of an initiative to recognize psychological problems among relatives.

“The bottom line is: We need to take the research we have and act,” Joswood said. “To call our current and ongoing challenges a ‘crisis’ is an understatement. When our healthcare professionals thrive, patients in our communities, and indeed all of us, are better off.”

Orionid meteor shower to light up skies this weekend – here’s the best way to see it

Orionid meteor shower
A man stargazes as the Orionid meteor shower reaches its peak. File pic photo credit:https://news.sky.com/

An incredible display of celestial fireworks can be spotted between 21-22 October as debris left by Halley’s Comet lights up the night sky – if the weather lets you see it.

The Orionid meteor shower, which has been going on all month, peaks for several hours on Saturday night and Sunday morning, offering you the best possible chance of seeing the spectacle for yourself.

  • What could I see?
  • What is it?
  • When is the meteor shower peak?
  • How can I see it?

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England vs South Africa – Rugby World Cup semi-final in Paris LIVE!

England vs South Africa
photo credit: www.skysports.com

England vs South Africa: Hello and welcome to our live coverage of tonight’s huge Rugby World Cup semi-final between England and South Africa in Paris! 

Steve Borthwick’s side are huge underdogs for this clash, having had a very kind run to this point in the tournament, while South Africa knocked out favourites and hosts France last time out. 

It will take a big effort for England, but stay tuned as we’ll have all the updates right here, as and when they happen! 

  • There’s always belief in this team’ | Steve Borthwick confident ahead of England’s semi-final
  • Kolisi: South Africa inspired by struggles of whole nation
  • Mark Cueto: All the pressure on South Africa against England
  • Cautious optimism: Can England cause a World Cup upset?
  • Tyson Fury’s passionate message to England ahead of RWC semi-final!
  • SA director of rugby Erasmus suggests ‘beef’ between sides
  • Borthwick: I’m sure we’ll be written off again
  • Last time out: Hosts France dumped out of Rugby World Cup by holders SA in thriller
  • Last time out: Farrell breaks Fijian hearts to send England into World Cup semi-finals
  • Last night: All Blacks ease past Argentina into Rugby World Cup final
  • Springboks unchanged for England semi-final showdown
  • Steward replaces Smith in one of three England changes for RWC semi

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Australia Kaylee McKeown makes swimming history as she breaks 50m backstroke world record

Australia Kaylee McKeown
Kaylee McKeown reacts after breaking the women's 50m backstroke world record in Budapest, Hungary. photo credit: cnn.comDavid Balogh/Getty Images

Australia Kaylee McKeown broke the women’s 50m backstroke world record on Friday to become the first person to simultaneously hold the 50m, 100m and 200m backstroke world records.

McKeown finished with a time of 26.86 seconds in the Duna Arena at the World Cup event in Budapest, Hungary, to beat the previous record of 26.98 seconds set by China’s Liu Xiang in 2018.

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Record goalscorer Christine Sinclair announces retirement from international soccer

Sinclair stretches for the ball while the US' Julie Ertz challenges her at the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games in the semifinal match. photo credit: cnn.comMartin Bernetti/AFP/Getty Images

Christine Sinclair, one of the most decorated soccer players of all time, has announced her retirement from the international game, effective at the end of the year.

In a heartfelt letter addressed to her 16-year-old self, which was published in Canadian newspaper The Globe and Mail, Sinclair wrote: “I’m writing to you 23 years, six World Cups, four Olympic Games, 327 caps and 190 international goals after it all began.”

Across her career with the Canadian national team, Sinclair’s 190 goals make her the leading goalscorer across both men’s and women’s soccer at the international level.

Sinclair said she will be ending her international career in the same way it started, “with some tears, playing the game we love on some field in Vancouver.”

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Donald Trump fined $5,000 for violating gag order in New York fraud trial and warned twice about imprisonment

Donald Trump fined
Judge Arthur Engoron presides over former President Donald Trump's fraud trial in New York Supreme Court on Tuesday, Oct. 3, 2023, in New York. PHOTO CREDIT: CNN.COMDave Sanders/Pool/AP

Donald Trump fined $5,000 by a New York judge on Friday for violating a gag order not to speak about any members of the court staff – and was warned twice about possible imprisonment.

“Donald Trump has received ample warning from this Court as to the possible repercussions of violating the gag order. He specifically acknowledged that he understood and would abide by it,” Judge Arthur Engoron said in his order Friday.

“Accordingly, issuing yet another warning is not longer appropriate; this Court is way behind the ‘warning’ stage.”

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Pakistan’s former leader Nawaz Sharif returns after nearly four years in self-exile

Nawaz Sharif returns
Nawaz Sharif, pictured in 2018, has served as Pakistan's prime minister three times and was once ousted in a military coup. photo credit: cnn.com Hannah McKay/Reuters/FILE

Nawaz Sharif returns,the fugitive former prime minister of Pakistan, has returned to the South Asian nation after nearly four years in self-exile, stirring up the country’s already fraught political scene as it awaits what is expected to be a tumultuous national election.

Sharif, who has served as Pakistan’s prime minister three times and was once ousted in a military coup, landed at Islamabad airport on Saturday, according to airport officials.

Sharif was the former head of the Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz), or the PML-N, one of two dynastic parties that have traditionally dominated the country’s politics.

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Bobby Charlton: Manchester United great and England World Cup winner dies aged 86

Bobby Charlton
Bobby Charlton (center) raises the Jules Rimet trophy after England's 4-2 victory over West Germany in the 1966 World Cup final at Wembley Stadium. photo credit: cnnn.comHulton Archive/Getty Images

Bobby Charlton, the Manchester United great who played a starring role in England’s 1966 World Cup victory, has died at the age of 86, the Premier League club said on Saturday.

Charlton is widely considered as one of the greatest soccer players of all time.

“The club’s heartfelt sympathies are with his wife Lady Norma, his daughters and grandchildren, and all who loved him,” Manchester United said in a statement.

The club described him as a “hero to millions, not just in Manchester, or the United Kingdom, but wherever football is played around the world.”

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China arrest of Japanese man could unsettle foreign firms even more

China arrest of Japanese man
A man rides his motorcycle past the entrance of the Japanese embassy in Beijing on August 29, 2023. Pedro poto credit: cnn.comPardo/AFP/Getty Images

China has formally arrested a Japanese man who was detained in March, according to officials from Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) and the Japanese Embassy in Beijing.

The arrest of the Japanese national, who was reportedly an employee of a Tokyo-based pharmaceutical firm, could further rattle foreign businesses in China, which have reported feeling more unsettled this year amid a crackdown on international consulting firms on national security grounds.

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A secret weapons delivery and a cross-river raid: Here’s what to know about the latest in Ukraine

secret weapons delivery
An early version of an Army Tactical Missile System is tested December 14, 2021, at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. An early version of an Army Tactical Missile System is tested December 14, 2021, at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico. photo credit: cnn.com John Hamilton/US Army

Over the last week, a secret delivery of American weapons and a cross-river raid have injected much-needed energy into Ukraine’s largely stalled counteroffensive.

In the east, Ukrainians claim to have inflicted massive losses on Russian forces trying to encircle an embattled city.

Meanwhile in the capital Kyiv, Ukrainian parliamentarians are looking to expunge Russian influence from the church.

  • Surprise arrival of US Army Tactical Missile System (ATACMS)
  • Battles in the east
  • Cross-river operation in Kherson
  • Church matters

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What is the Rafah crossing, Gazans’ last hope to escape the war, and how does it work?

Rafah crossing
Palestinians wait to cross into Egypt at the Rafah border crossing on October 16. PHOTO CREDIT: CNN.COM

Hundreds of thousands of Palestinians have descended on the south of the Gaza Strip as a potential Israeli ground operation looms.

But where they will go from there is anyone’s guess. The coastal enclave is blockaded by land, air and sea by Israel, which has declared war on its Hamas rulers for a brazen attack on October 7 that killed 1,400 people. Israel has also shut off the supply of water, electricity, food and fuel, leaving the impoverished territory’s 2 million residents helpless.

A border crossing with Egypt in the south has been touted as the last hope for Gazans to escape as Israel’s bombs rain down, and many Palestinians have begun moving in its direction in anticipation.

  • What is the situation at Rafah now?
  • Why is the crossing so important right now?
  • How has Rafah crossing access changed over time?
  • What is it usually like to cross the Rafah border?
  • Why is Egypt reluctant to open the crossing for Gazans?

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Why China cannot afford another big conflict

photo credit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/China

Beijing is once again trying to have it both ways.

It has spent over a year tiptoeing over Russia’s war in Ukraine. The Asian superpower has refused to condemn the invasion and instead provided much-needed diplomatic and economic support for Moscow.

Now, as Israel’s war against Palestinian militant group Hamas threatens to spiral into a broader conflict that could shatter stability in the Middle East, China has called for a ceasefire while criticizing Israel’s actions. It has also noticeably not condemned Hamas for carrying out what has been called the worst single day massacre of Jews since the Holocaust, while voicing its support for a two-state solution for Palestine and Israel.

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Israel-Hamas war rages as Gaza humanitarian crisis continues

Gaza humanitarian crisis
FILE - Palestinian women walk by buildings destroyed in Israeli airstrikes in Nuseirat camp in the central Gaza Strip, Monday, Oct. 16, 2023. The need to bear witness, the journalists said, came after a week of intense focus on the attacks in Israel, where news media have been working freely. News organizations are conscious of the need to show that there is suffering on both sides.photo credit; (AP Photo/Hatem Moussa, File)
  • Around 700 people requested to be evacuated from Gaza to Turkey, Turkish Foreign Ministry says
  • From CNN’s Hande Atay Alam,
  • Rafah crossing not expected to open Friday for vital Gaza aid, sources tell CNN.
  • The Gaza death toll continues to rise. Here’s what you should know.
  • Authorities are still preparing for Rafah Crossing opening.
  • 1 person dead near Israel-Lebanon border after “significant exchange of fire,” UNIFIL says.
  • Israel’s credit rating could possibly be downgraded due to the war with Hamas, Moody’s warns.
  • At least 18 Ukrainians killed in Hamas attack on Israel, embassy says.
  • Israeli airstrike in central Gaza kills at least 10 people, according to hospital officials.
  • At least 21 journalists have been killed during the Israel-Hamas war, Committee to Protect Journalists says.
  • CNN visits destroyed home of Carmela Dan, 80-year-old Israeli-American woman killed by Hamas.
  • Take a closer look at the Rafah crossing, which is set to open Friday to provide Gaza with aid.
  • UN warns of “increasingly dire conditions” in Gaza amid electricity blackout and shortages of food and water.

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